Purchase Financing

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Current Interest Rates

Multifamily lenders charge approximately 180-250 basis points over the current treasury yield. See where 3, 5, and 7 year treasuries are at below.

How Interest Affects The Bottom Line

Use the calculator to the right to see how differences in interest rate, amortization schedule, and down payment amount can affect your net income on a property. 

NOI – Input a Net Operating Income specific to your property (xxcludes finance costs).

Amortization – The period in which the debt would be paid off by making regular payments. Some lenders may offer shorter or longer amortization schedules. This can increase or decrease your monthly payment.

To not be confused with loan term. For example you can have a 7 year loan with a 25 year amortization schedule. This means your payments will be based on the loan having a 25 year repayment schedule BUT the loan length will only be 7 years. At the end of the 7 years there will still be a balance remaining and the balance will need to either be paid off in full or refinanced with a new loan. 

Net Income – For purposes of this exercise we are defining Net Income as net profit after debt service cost.

Purchase Price

Current NOI

Amortization (Yrs)

Interest Rate

Net Income (Profit)

Other Factors That Influence Interest Rates

Lenders determine the interest rates for real estate investment financing based on several other factors that help them assess the risk associated with lending to a particular borrower.

It’s important to note that interest rates can vary among lenders, and individual borrowers may receive different rates based on their unique circumstances. Shopping around, comparing offers from multiple lenders, and working with a mortgage professional can help borrowers find the most favorable interest rate for their real estate investment financing.

Here are some key factors that lenders consider when setting interest rates:

✅ Economic Factors

Lenders also consider broader economic factors, such as inflation rates, market volatility, and the cost of borrowing funds themselves. These factors impact the lender’s cost of capital and the rates at which they can lend to borrowers.

✅ Creditworthiness

A borrower’s creditworthiness plays a significant role in determining the interest rate. Lenders assess the borrower’s credit history, credit score, and credit report to gauge the risk of default. A higher credit score and a strong credit history indicate a lower risk profile, leading to more favorable interest rates. Conversely, borrowers with lower credit scores may face higher interest rates due to the perceived higher risk.

✅ Loan-to-Value Ratio (LTV)

The loan-to-value ratio, which is the loan amount divided by the property’s appraised value, is an important factor in interest rate determination. A lower LTV signifies a smaller loan amount in proportion to the property value, indicating a lower risk for the lender. Lenders often offer better interest rates to borrowers with lower LTV ratios, as they have more equity in the property and a greater stake in its success.

✅ Market Conditions

Lenders consider the prevailing market conditions and the interest rate environment when setting their rates. They take into account factors such as the state of the economy, inflation rates, and the overall demand for real estate financing. Lenders may adjust their rates to align with market trends, ensuring they remain competitive while still managing risk.

✅ Loan Term

The loan term, or the duration over which the loan will be repaid, can influence the interest rate. Generally, shorter loan terms come with lower interest rates compared to longer terms. This is because shorter-term loans carry less risk for the lender, as they are repaid relatively quickly, reducing the lender’s exposure to potential changes in the market or the borrower’s financial circumstances.

✅ Loan Program and Type

Different loan programs and types carry varying levels of risk, which can influence the interest rate. For example, government-backed loans, such as those insured by Fannie Mae may offer more competitive interest rates due to the additional security provided by the government. Commercial bank loans, on the other hand, may have slightly higher interest rates but offer more flexibility in terms and requirements.

Lender Requirements

When it comes to traditional bank loans for real estate investment financing, there are specific lender requirements that borrowers should be aware of. These requirements help lenders assess the borrower’s creditworthiness and determine the terms of the loan. 

It’s important to note that these lender requirements may vary based on the borrower’s financial profile, the type of property being financed, and the specific loan program chosen. It’s advisable to consult with multiple lenders, compare their requirements, and work with a mortgage professional who can guide you through the loan application process.

Here are some typical lender requirements for traditional bank loans:

✅ Good Credit Score

Lenders typically look for a solid credit history and a good credit score from borrowers. While specific credit score requirements may vary among lenders, a score of 620 or higher is generally considered favorable for obtaining a conventional mortgage. A higher credit score can result in better interest rates and loan terms.

✅ Down Payment

Traditional bank loans usually require a down payment, which is a percentage of the property’s purchase price. The amount required varies depending on factors such as the loan type, the borrower’s credit profile, and the lender’s policies. Typically, a down payment of 20% of the purchase price is recommended to avoid private mortgage insurance (PMI) expenses.

✅ Stable Income and Employment

Lenders want assurance that borrowers have a stable source of income to make their mortgage payments. They may require proof of employment history, income verification, and documentation such as pay stubs, tax returns, and bank statements. Lenders analyze a borrower’s debt-to-income ratio (DTI) to determine their ability to handle mortgage payments along with other debts.

✅ Financial History

Lenders will evaluate a borrower’s financial history, including their debt repayment track record. They review credit reports to assess the borrower’s payment history, outstanding debts, and any delinquencies or bankruptcies. A clean financial history with a responsible payment track record enhances the borrower’s chances of loan approval.

✅ Property Appraisal

Lenders typically require a professional appraisal of the property to determine its value and ensure it serves as sufficient collateral for the loan. The appraisal helps protect both the lender and the borrower by ensuring that the property’s value aligns with the loan amount.

✅ Loan Documentation

Borrowers must provide various documents to support their loan application. These documents often include personal identification, tax returns, bank statements, employment verification, and a completed loan application form. Lenders require comprehensive documentation to verify the borrower’s financial status and assess their eligibility for the loan.

✅ Loan-to-Cost Ratio (LTC)

Lenders evaluate the loan-to-value ratio, which is the ratio of the loan amount to the property’s appraised value. Most lenders have maximum LTV limits for multifamily properties, typically being 75%.. A lower LTV indicates a lower risk for the lender and can result in more favorable loan terms for the borrower.

✅ Debt Service To Coverage Ratio (DSCR)

DSCR = Net Operating Income / Yearly Debt Service Cost. 
Lenders typically have minimum DSCR requirements when evaluating loan applications. The specific required DSCR may vary depending on factors such as the type of property, location, loan program, and risk tolerance of the lender. Generally, a higher DSCR is considered more favorable, as it signifies a greater ability to meet debt obligations and implies a lower risk of default.

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